has a population of around 35000 people, and is situated at the
junction of Union Canal and Forth & Clyde Canal. It was at the
heart of Scotland's Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, with
iron manufacture and casting at Carron. Cumbernauld was one of the
new towns built in Scotland in the 1950s, partially to alleviate the
chronic shortage of decent housing in Glasgow, exacerbated by
demolition after the Second World War.